Here we consider the basic principles of permissibility and impermissibility in the Hanafi School with regards to animal consumption, as mentioned in the classical books of Hanafi jurisprudence. (Culled from: al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya, 5/289-291, Bada’i al-Sana’i, 5/35-39 and Radd al-Muhtar, 304-308)
According to the Hanafi School of Islamic law, seven things from a Halal and lawfully-slaughtered animal cannot be eaten. The first of these seven items has been emphatically forbidden by a decisive text of the Qur’an, hence it is unlawful (haram) to consume it; whereas consuming the other six items is considered prohibitively disliked (makruh tahrim), because there is no decisive text regarding their prohibition although their prohibitive dislike is proven through non decisive texts. (See: Bada’i al-Sana’i 5/61)
The Islamic Understanding of Seafood according to the four schools of thought.
Octopuses are not from the fish species.
This includes Clams, Mussels, Oysters, Scallops, Octopus and Squid.
Considering Octopus is not a fish they will be considered haram under the Hanafi School.
Lobster and Crab are not from the fish species from a family of large marine crustaceans. Therefore, they will be considered haram under the Hanafi School.
Turtles and Tortoises are reptiles and all reptiles are considered haram according to Hanafi, Shafi and Hanbali schools. Maliki school of thought views that all the non-poisonous/hazardous land and marine animals are Halal to consume (except for what is expressly forbidden). You can read more on Seafood Fiqh here.
It is not permitted to eat them because the Prophet ﷺ forbade killing them, as is reported in the hadith of ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Uthmaan, who said that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ forbade the killing of frogs. (Narrated by Imaam Ahmad and Ibn Maajah; see also Saheeh al-Jaami, 6970). The rule is that everything which we are forbidden to kill, we are not allowed to eat; if we are allowed to eat it we are allowed to kill it.
Sushi is often said to be raw fish, but it is in fact a way to prepare rice with fish as an accompaniment. You can see from the picture below there are various type, each with different names. Shashimi is the only one without rice, it is small thin slices of fish.
We can also conclude that:
If a non-fish sea creature was considered as a fish by the early Arabs, then we will consider it as a fish, e.g. a Whale.
If a non-fish sea creature was unknown or never mentioned by the early Arab community then we will either use Analogy or we will use a modern biologically definition, i.e. we will say it is not a fish biologically therefore haram.
If the sea creature is a fish, regardless of size or predatory nature, it will be halal.
Taste, texture, freshness and appearance are a few of the major contributions food ingredients and food additives make toward the enjoyment of food. By aiding in the processing and preparation of foods, ingredients also help to maintain certain desirable qualities that are associated with various foods.
The following is taken from a paper presented to the AMJA Conference on The Halal and Haram in Food and Medicine (Los Angeles, California, March 2-4, 2012).
Alhamdulillah Allah has graced us with another Ramadan and now it’s drawn to an end. Taqabbalallahu minnaa wa minkum. May Allah accept the good deeds performed by both us and you. Eid Mubarak from the Halal Life team! Stay safe this Eid and love your close ones more than ever before!
Capitalising on this moment, Isen and Levin set up a famous study where some people found money in the change drawer of a pay phone, and some people didn’t. As they left the phonebox, a person walked by and dropped a bunch of papers. The results: 84% of the people who found money helped pick up the papers, while only 4% of those who didn’t find money helped.
List of good manners that we can learn from the Glorious Qur’an.
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